Jesus at Capernaum - John 2:12
After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples; and they remained there a few days.
Capernaum as a town does not exist to-day. There is a Franciscan monastery there and ruins. There is the glorious blue of the Sea of Galilee; a strip of trees fringe the shores and then the ruins begin. They have been excavated. The most prominent remains are those of two octagonal walls one inside the other. These were built on some older structures of much ruder construction and are now visible.
In many respects, these latter are the most evocative relics in the Holy Land because these little walls are the remains of fishermen's houses from the lst. century A.D. The octagonal walls are the remains of a Christian church that was built on the site in the 3rd. century.
Clearly Christians revered this little group of houses at a very early stage in the history of the Church. It is a reasonable inference that they believed that here was the house of Peter where Jesus lodged (Mt.8:20).
Slightly beyond this site are the remains of a fourth century A.D. synagogue. It rests on the remains of a synagogue from the first Century A.D.
We read in the Gospels that Jesus made his home in Capernaum (Mk.2:1). Several of the apostles were from Capernaum. Jesus taught in the synagogue there with authority and performed an exorcism (Mk.1:21-28). At a later stage he pronounced the discourse on the bread of life in the same synagogue (Jn.6:22-59). He healed Simon Peter’s mother in law (Mk.1:30-31). Great numbers clustered about the door of his lodgings (Mk.1:33) and a paralytic was let down through the roof (Mk.2:3). It was there he healed the slave of the centurion (Lk.7:110).
This is the Story of Jesus drawn from the four Evangelists
Gospel passages accompanied by a number of brief commentaries